I use the bibliographic database EndNote. This bibliography was taken directly from it and not all of the special characters are correctly displayed. There are many transliterated source references but those in non-Latin character sets are not included. There are a large number of works in Persian, Russian, Japanese, and Chinese that unfortunately do not display correctly and are, thus, not found on this page. Finally, the bibliography is quite inclusive and contains works peripherally relevant in addition to those specifically on Mongols and Mongol Empire.

Last update to bibliography: 13 June 2018

 

Aalto, Pentti. “Swells of the Mongol-Storm around the Baltic.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 36 (1982): 5-15.

Abel-Remusat, M. “Relation De L’expedition D’houlagou, Fondateur De La Dynastie Des Mongols De Perse, Au Travers De La Tartarie; Extraite Du Sou-Houng-Kian-Lou.” Jounal Asiatique 2 (1823): 283-89.

Abramowski, Waltraut. “Die Chinesischen Annalen Des Mongke. Ubersetzung Des 3. Kapitels Des Yèuan-Shih.” Zentralasiatische Studien 13 (1979 1979): 7-71.

Abu-Lughod, Janet L. Before European Hegemony the World System A.D. 1250-1350.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Abulafia, David. “Asia, Africa and the Trade of Medieval Europe.” In The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, edited by M. M Postan and H. J Habakkuk, 402-73. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P, 1966.

Adnan, A. “Sur Le Tanksukname-I Ilhani Der Ulum-U-Funun-I-Khatai.” Isis 32 (1940 1940): 44-47.

Adshead, Samuel Adrian M. Material Culture in Europe and China, 1400-1800: The Rise of Consumerism.  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Afshar, Iraj. “The Autography Copy of Rashid Al-Din’s Vaqfnameh.” Central Asiatic Journal 14 (1970 1970): 5-13.

Ágoston, Gábor. Guns for the Sultan: Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization.  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Ahuja, N. D. “Burial Customs of the Pagan Mongols.” Islamic Culture 42 (1969 1969): 99-105.

Aigle, Denise. L’iran Face À La Domination Mongole. Bibliothèque Iranienne.  Tehran: Institut français de recherche en Iran, 1997.

———. Le Fars Sous La Domination Mongole: Politique Et Fiscalité, Xiiie-Xive S. Studia Iranica.  Paris:: Association pour l’avancement des études iraniennes, 2005.

Aigle, Denise, Bénédicte Brac de La Perrière, and Jean-Pierre Chaumeil. La Politique Des Esprits: Chamanismes Et Religions Universalistes. Recherches Thématiques.  Nanterre: Société d’ethnologie, 2000.

Akademiia nauk SSSR, Institut narodov Azii, and A. G. Galstian. Armianskie Istochniki O Mongolakh. 1962.

Akimushkin, O. F. “Khronologiya Pravitelei Vostochnoi Chasti Chagataiskogo Ulusa (Liniya Tugluk-Timur Khana).” In Vostochnii Turkestan I Sredniya Aziya. Historiya, Kul’tura. Svyazi, edited by B. A. Litvinskii, 156-64. Moscow, 1984.

Alexeev, Valery P. “Some Aspects of the Study of Productive Forces in the Empire of Chenghiz Khan.” In Rulers from the Steppe State Formation on the Eurasian Periphery, edited by Gary Seaman and Daniel Marks. Proceedings of the Soviet-American Academic Symposia Held in Conjunction with the Museum Exhibition, Nomads: Masters of the Eurasian Steppe: Ethnographics Monograph Series, 186-98. Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A: Ethnographics Press, Center for Visual Anthropology, University of Southern California, 1991.

Alinge, C. Mongolische Gesetze.  Leipzig1934.

Allan, J. W. Medieval Middle Eastern Pottery. Edited by Museum Ashmolean Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 1971.

Allouche, Adel. “Teguder’s Ultimatum to Qalawun.” Internation Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 22 (1990 1990): 437-46.

Allsen, Thomas T. “Mongol Rule in East Asia, Twelfth-Fourteenth Centuries: An Assessment of Recent Soviet Scholarship.” Mongolian Studies 3 (1976): 5-27.

———. “The Rise of the Mongolian Empire and Mongolian Rule in North China.” In The Cambridge History of China, edited by Denis Crispin Twitchett and John King Fairbank, 321-413. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

———. “Mongol Census Taking in Rus’.” Ukranian Studies 5, no. 1 (1981): 32-53.

———. “Prelude to the Western Campaigns: Mongol Military Operations in Volga-Ural Region, 1217-1237.” Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 3 (1983 1983): 5-24.

———. “The Yüan Dynasty and the Uighurs of Turfan in the 13th Century.” In China among Equals the Middle Kingdom and Its Neighbors, 10th-14th Centuries, edited by Morris Rossabi, 243-80. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

———. “The Princes of the Left Hand: An Introduction to the History of the Ulus of Orda in the Thirteenth and Early Fourteenth Centuries.” Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 5 (1985 [1987] 1985): 5-40.

———. “Guard and Government in the Reign of the Grand Qan Mèongke, 1251-59.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 46 (1986 1986): 495-521.

———. “Guard and Government in the Reign of the Grand Qan MöNgke, 1251-59.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 46, no. 2 (1986): 495-521.

———. Mongol Imperialism: The Policies of the Grand Qan Möngke in China, Russia, and the Islamic Lands, 1251-1259.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

———. “Mongolian Princes and Their Merchant Partners, 1200-1260.” Asia Major 2, no. 2 (1989 1989): 83-126.

———. “Mongolian Princes and Their Merchant Partners, 1200-1260.” Asia Major 2, no. 2 (1989): 83-126.

———. “Changing Forms of Legitimation in Mongol Iran.” In Rulers from the Steppe State Formation on the Eurasian Periphery, edited by Gary Seaman and Daniel Marks. Proceedings of the Soviet-American Academic Symposia Held in Conjunction with the Museum Exhibition, Nomads: Masters of the Eurasian Steppe: Ethnographics Monograph Series, 223-41. Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A: Ethnographics Press, Center for Visual Anthropology, University of Southern California, 1991.

———. “Notes on Chinese Titles in Mongol Iran.” Mongolian Studies 14 (1991 1991): 27-37.

———. “Spiritual Geography and Political Legitimacy in the Eastern Steppe.” In Ideology and the Formation of Early States, edited by M.  Claessen H. J. and J. G Oosten. Studies in Human Society, 116-35. New York:: E. J. Brill, 1996.

———. “Biography of a Cultural Broker, Bolad Ch’eng-Hsiang in China and Iran.” In The Court of the Il-Khans, 1290-1340, edited by Julian Raby and Teresa Fitzherbert. Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, 7-22. Oxford, New York:: Oxford University Press for the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford, 1996.

———. Commodity and Exchange in the Mongol Empire a Cultural History of Islamic Textiles. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

———. Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization.  Cambridge, UK, New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

———. “Mongol Imperial Government after Cinggis Qan.” In Expanding Empires Cultural Interaction and Exchange in World Societies from Ancient to Early Modern Times, edited by Wendy F Kasinec and Michael A Polushin. The World Beat Series, 177-86. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2002.

———. “The Circulation of Military Technology in the Mongolian Empire.” In Warfare in Inner Asian History: 500-1800, edited by Nicola Di Cosmo. Handbook of Oriental Studies  Handbuch Der Orientalistik. Section Eight, Central Asia: Handbuch Der Orientalistik, 265-93. Leiden,  Boston: Brill, 2002.

———. The Royal Hunt in Eurasian History.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

Amitai, Reuven. “Northern Syria between the Mongols and Mamluks: Political Boundry, Military Frontier, and Ethnic Affinities.” In Frontiers in Question: Eurasian Borderlands, 700-1700, edited by Daniel Power and Naomi Standen. Themes in Focus: Themes in Focus (New York, N.Y.), 128-53. New York:: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

———. “The Resolution of the Mongol-Mamluk War.” In Mongols, Turks, and Others: Eurasian Nomads and the Sedentary World, edited by Reuven Amitai and Michal Biran. Brill’s Inner Asian Library, 359-90. Leiden, Boston:: Brill, 2005.

———. The Mongols in the Islamic Lands: Studies in the History of the Ilkhanate. Variorum Collected Studies Series. 1 vols. Aldershot England Burlington, VT: Ashgate/Variorum, 2007.

Amitai, Reuven, and Michal Biran. Mongols, Turks, and Others Eurasian Nomads and the Sedentary World.  Leiden: Brill,, 2005. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/uchicago/Doc?id=10171573.

Amitai-Preiss, Reuven. “Mongol Raids into Palestine (A.D. 1260 and 1300).” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society  (1987 1987): 236-55.

———. “Mamluk Espionage among Mongols and Franks.” Asian and African Studies 22 (1988 1988): 173-81.

———. “Evidence for the Early Use of the Title Ilkhan among the Mongols.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1, no. 3 (1991 1991): 353-61.

———. “Ayn Jalut Revisited.” Tarih 2 (1992 1992): 119-50.

———. “Mamluk Perceptions of the Mongol-Frankish Rapprochement.” Mediterranean Historical Review 7 (1992 1992): 50-65.

———. Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-*Ilkh*Anid War, 1260-1281. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization.  Cambridge England New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

———. “Ghazan, Islam, and Mongol Tradition: A View from the Mamluk Sultanate.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 59, no. 1 (1996 1996): 1-10.

———. “New Material from the Mamluk Sources for the Biography of Rashid Al-Din.” In The Court of the Il-Khans, 1290-1340, edited by Julian Raby and Teresa Fitzherbert. Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, 23-37. Oxford, New York:: Oxford University Press for the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford, 1996.

———. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 61, no. 2 (1998): 390-91.

———. “Sufis and Shamans: Some Remarks on the Islamization of the Mongols in the Ilkhanate.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 42, no. 1 (1999 1999): 27-46.

———. “Mongol Imperial Ideology and the Ilkhanid War against the Mamluks.” In The Mongol Empire & Its Legacy, edited by Reuven Amitai-Preiss and David O. Morgan, 57-72. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Amitai-Preiss, Reuven, and David Morgan. The Mongol Empire and Its Legacy. Islamic History and Civilization.  Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Anastasio, Angelo. “Mongol Adjustment to the Natural Envionment.” In Opuscula Altaica: Essays Presented in Honor of Henry Schwarz, edited by Edward H Kaplan, Donald W Whisenhunt and Henry G Schwarz. Studies on East Asia, 1-15. Bellingham, Wash.:: Western Washington, 1994.

Andrade, Tonio. The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.

Andrews, P. A. The Economic History Review 52, no. 2 (1999): 398-99.

Arak`elyan, B. N, S. G Barkhudaryan, K. G Ghafadaryan, Hnagitut`yan ev Azgagrut`yan Institut (Haykakan SSR Gitut`yunneri Akademia), and Hnagitut`yan ev Azgagrut`yan Institut (Haykakan SSH Gitut`yunneri Akademia). Divan Hay Vimagrut`Yan (Corpus Inscriptionum Armenicarum).  Erevan: Haykakan SSR GA Hratarakch`ut`yun, 1960.

Arat, R. Rahmeti. “Der Herrschertitel Iduq-Qut.” Ural-Altaische Jahrbucher 35 (1964 1964): 150-57.

Aristakes, Marius Canard, and Hayk Perperean. Récit Des Malheurs De La Nation Arménienne. Bibliothèque De Byzantion, 5.  Bruxelles: Éditions de Byzantion, bd de L’Empereur, 4, 1973.

Arlington, L. C, and William Lewisohn. In Search of Old Peking.  Peking: H. Vetch, 1935.

Atwell, William S. “Ming China and the Emerging World Economy, C. 1470-1650.” In The Cambridge History of China, edited by Denis Twitchett and Frederick W. Mote, 376-416. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Aubin, Francoise. “Index De ‘Un Code Des Yuan’ De P. Ratchnevsky.” In Melanges Publies Par L’institut Des Hautes Etudes Chinoise, 423-515. Paris, 1960.

———. “Sinologie Mongole: Etat Des Etudes Menees En Rpm Sur La Chine Du Xe Au Xive Siècle Et Les Dynasties Barbares.” Sung Studies Newsletter 9 (1974 1974): 10-17.

Aubin, Jean. “L’ethnogénèse Des Qaraunas.” Turcica 1 (1969 1969): 65-94.

———. “Réseau Pastoral Et Réseau Caravanier: Les Grand’routes Du Khurassan À L’époque Mongole.” Le Monde Iranien et l’Islam 1 (1971 1971): 105-30.

———. “La Propriété Foncière En Azerbaydjan Sous Les Mongols.” Le Monde Iranien et l’Islam 4 (1976-77 1976): 79-132.

———. “Le Khanat De Čagatai Et Le Khorassan (1334-1380).” Turcica 8 (1976 1976): 16-60.

———. “Le Quriltai De Sultan-Maydan (1336).” Jounal Asiatique 279 (1991 1991): 175-97.

———. Émirs Mongols Et Vizirs Persans Dans Les Remous De L’acculturation. Studia Iranica.  Paris: Association pour l’avancement des études iraniennes, 1995.

Ayalon, David. “The Wafidiya in the Mamluk Kingdom.” Islamic Culture 25 (1951 1951): 81-104.

———. Gunpowder and Firearms in the Mamluk Kingdom: A Challenge to a Mediaeval Society.  London: Vallentine, Mitchell, 1956.

———. “The Great Yasa of Chingiz Khan. A Re-Examination.” Studia Islamica  (1971-1973): 33 (1971): 97-140, 151-180; 34 (72): 113-158; 38 (73): 107-156.

Bacon, Elizabeth E. Obok a Study of Social Structure in Eurasia. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology.  New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, 1958.

Bade, David W. Khubilai Khan and the Beautiful Princess of Tumapel: The Mongols between History and Literature in Java.  Ulaanbaatar:: A. Chuluunbat, 2002.

Balazs, Etienne. “Marco Polo Dans La Capitale De La Chine.” In Oriente Poliano Studi E Conferenze Tenute All’is. M.E.O. In Occasione Del Vii Centenario Della Nascita Di Marco Polo, 1254-1954, edited by Etienne Balazs and Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, 133-54. Roma: Istituto italiano per il Medio e Estremo Oriente, 1957.

———. “Marco Polo in the Capital of China.” In Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy: Variations on a Theme, edited by Etienne Balazs, 79-112. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1964.

Baldwin, W. W. “Missions to the East in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries.” In A History of the Crusades, edited by Kenneth Meyer Setton, 452-518. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969.

Banzarov, Dorji. “The Black Faith, or Shamanism among the Mongols.” Mongolian Studies 7 (1981-1982 1981): 53-92.

Bar, Hebraeus. The Chronography of Gregory Abu’l Faraj. Translated by E. A. Wallis Budge.  London: Oxford university press, H. Milford, 1932.

Barfield, Thomas J. The Perilous Frontier Nomadic Empires and China. Studies in Social Discontinuity.  Cambridge, Mass: B. Blackwell, 1989.

———. The Nomadic Alternative.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

———. “The Devil’s Horsemen: Steppe Nomadic Warfare in Historical Perspective.” In Studying War Anthropological Perspectives, edited by Stephen P Reyna and R. E Downs. War and Society: War and Society (Langhorne, Pa.), 157-82. Australia: Gordon and Breach, 1994.

Barkmann, Udo B. “Einige Bemerkungen Zum Problem Des Eides in Der ‘Geheimen Geschichte Der Mongolen’.” Central Asiatic Journal 35 (1991 1991): 200-08.

———. “Some Comments on the Consequences of the Decline of  the Mongol Empire on the Social Development of the Mongols.” In The Mongol Empire & Its Legacy, edited by Reuven Amitai-Preiss and David O. Morgan, 273-81. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Barrett, T.H. “The Secret History of the Mongols: Some Fresh Revelations.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 55 (1992 1992): 115-19.

———. “Qubilai Qa’an and the Historians: Some Remarks on the Position of the Great Khan in Pre-Modern Chinese Historiography.” In The Mongol Empire & Its Legacy, edited by Reuven Amitai-Preiss and David O. Morgan, 200-23. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Bartol’d, V. V. Histoire Des Turcs D’asie Centrale. Initiation À L’islam.  Collection Pub. Sous Le Patronage De L’institut D’études Islamiques De L’université De Paris.  Iii.  Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve, 1945.

———. Four Studies on History of Central Asia. Translated by V. and T. Minorsky.  Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1962.

Bartol’d, V. V. “K Voprosu Ob Uigurskoi Litarature I Ee Vilyanii Na Mongolov.” In Sochineniya, edited by V. V. Bartol d, 365-68. Moscow: Izd-vo vostochnoi lit-ry, 1963.

———. “Obrazovanie Imperii Chingiz-Khana.” In Sochineniya, edited by V. V Bartol d, 253-65. Moscow: Izd-vo vostochnoi lit-ry, 1963.

Bartol’d, V. V. Sochineniya.  Moskva: Izd-vo vostochnoi lit-ry, 1963.

Bartol’d, V. V. “The Burial Rites of the Turks and the Mongols.” Central Asiatic Journal 14 (1970 1970): 195-227.

———. Turkestan Down to the Mongol Invasion. E.J.W. Gibb Memorial Series: “E.J.W. Gibb Memorial” Series. 4th ed ed.  London?, Philadelphia: E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Trust. distributed in the U.S. by Porcupine Press, 1977.

Bartol’d, V. V, and Theodor Menzel. Zwölf Vorlesungen Über Die Geschichte Der Türken Mittelasiens. 2., unveränderte Aufl ed.  Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1962.

Basilov, V. N, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Denver Museum of Natural History, and National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Nomads of Eurasia.  Los Angeles, Calif, Seattle, Wash: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Distributed by University of Washington Press, 1989.

Batton, Achatius. Wilhelm Von Rubruk, Ein Weltreisender Aus Dem Franziskanerorden Und Seine Sendung in Das Land Der Tataren. Franziskanische Studien.  Münster in Westf: Aschendorff, 1921.

Baumer, Christoph. The History of Central Asia. Volume 1, the Age of the Steppe Warriors.  London: I.B. Tauris, 2012.

———. The History of Central Asia. Volume 2, the Age of the Silk Roads.  London: I.B. Tauris, 2014.

———. The History of Central Asia. Volume 3, the Age of Islam and the Mongols.  London: I.B. Tauris, 2016.

Baumstark, Anton. Geschichte Der Syrischen Literatur Mit Ausschluss Der Christlich-Palästinensischen Texte.  Bonn: De Gruyter, 1968.

Bausani, A. “Religion under the Mongols.” In Cambridge History of Iran, 538-49. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Bawden, Charles R. Altan Tobci: The Mongol Chronicle Altan Tobci. Göttinger Asiatische Forschungen.  Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz, 1955.

———. “On the Practice of Scapulimancy among the Mongols.” Central Asiatic Journal 4 (1959 1959): 1-44.

Bayani, Chirine. “L’histoire Secrete Des Mongols–Une Des Sources Du Jame-at-Tawarikh-De-Rachid-Ad-Din.” Acta Orientalia 37 (1976 1976): 201-12.

Bazargür, Dambyn, and Dambyn Enkhbayar. Chinggis Khaan (Cinggis Qayan): Historic-Geographic Atlas.  Ulaanbaatar:: Cartographic Enterprise of the State Administration of Geodesy and Cartography, 1997.

Bazin. “Le Siecle Des Youen, Ou Tableau Historique De La Literature Chinoise Depuis L’avenement Des Empereurs Mongols Jusqu’a La Restauration Des Ming.” Jounal Asiatique  (1850): 15 (1850): 5-48, 101-158; 16 (50): 428-475.

———. “Le Siecle Des Youen, 2e Parties Langue Commune, Notices Et Extraits Des Principaux Monuments Litteraires De La Dynastie Des Youen.” Jounal Asiatique  (1851): 17 (1851): 5-51, 163-211, 309-377, 497-533; 18 (51): 247-289.

———. “Le Siecle Des Youen, 3e Partie; Notices Bibliographique Sur Les Auteurs.” Jounal Asiatique  (1852): 19 (1852): 435-519.

Bazin, Louis. “The Unity of Man in Turkish-Mongolian Thought.” Diogenes 140 (1987 1987): 29-49.

Beal, Samuel. “The Buddhist Inscription at Keu-Yung-Kwan.” Indian Antiquary 9 (1880 1880): 195-96.

Beazley, C. Raymond, Carpini Giovanni di Plano, Willem van Ruysbroeck, Geoffrey, William Lambarde, Bede, Ohthere, et al. The Texts and Versions of John De Plano Carpini and William De Rubruquis. Works Issued by the Hakluyt Society.  London: Hakluyt Society, 1903.

Beckingham, C. F, and Bernard Hamilton. Prester John, the Mongols, and the Ten Lost Tribes.  Aldershot, Hampshire, Great Britain, Brookfield, Vt: Variorum, 1996.

Beckwith, Christopher I. “The Impact of the Horse and Silk Trade on the Economies of T’ang China and the Uighur Empire: On the Importance of International Commerce in the Early Middle Ages.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 34, no. 3 (1991): 183-98.

Beletnitsky, A. M. “Les Mongols Et L’asie Centrale.” Cahiers d’Histoire Mondiale 3 (1960 1960): 606-20.

Benson, Douglas S. The Tartar War.  Chicago: D.S. Benson, 1981.

Benson, Douglas S. The Mongol Campaigns in Asia: A Summary History of Mongolian Warfare with the Governments of Eastern and Western Asia in the 13th Century.  Chicago: The Author, 1991.

Benson, Douglas S. Six Emperors Mongolian Aggression in the Thirteenth Century.  Chicago, Ill: The Author, 1995.

Berger, Patricia Ann, Terese Tse Bartholomew, James Evert Bosson, Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, Denver Art Museum, and National Geographic Society (U.S.). Mongolia the Legacy of Chinggis Khan.  London, New York, N.Y, San Francisco: Thames and Hudson. In association with Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, 1995.

Bergman, Folke. “Some Chinese Paper Currency from the Yuan and Ming Dynasties.” In Scientific Expedition to the Northwestern Provinces of China under the Leadership of Dr. Sven Hedin. (Sino-Swedish Expedition, 38), 43-56. Stokholm, 1954.

Bergreen, Laurence. Marco Polo, from Venice to Xanadu.  New York: Random House, 2007.

Bernard, Henri (S.J.). La Decouverte De Nestoriens Mongols Aux Ordos Et ‘‘Histoire Ancienne Du Christianisme En Extreme Orent.  Tientsin1935.

Bernier, François. Travels in the Mogul Empire, A.D. 1656-1668. Constable’s Oriental Miscellany of Original and Selected Publications. Edited by Irving Brock, Archibald Constable and François Bernier Westminster, England: Constable, 1891.

Bese, Lajos. “Sur Les Anciens Noms De Personne Mongols.” Etudes Mongoles 5 (1974 1974): 91-96.

———. “Some Turkic Personal Names in the Secret History of the Mongols.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 32 (1978 1978): 353-69.

Bira, Shagdaryn. “Mongolian Tenggerism and Modern Globalism: A Retrospective Outlook on Globalisation.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 14: 3-12.

———. “Qubilai Qa’an and ‘Phags-Pa Bla-Ma.” In The Mongol Empire & Its Legacy, edited by Reuven Amitai-Preiss and David O. Morgan, 240-49. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

———. Mongolian Historical Writing from 1200 to 1700. Translated by John R. Krueger. 2 ed.  Bellingham: University of Western Washington, 2002.

Biran, Michal. Qaidu and the Rise of the Independent Mongol State in Central Asia.  Surrey: Curzon, 1997.

———. “The Chaghadaids and Islam: The Conversion of Tarmashirin Khan (1331-34).” Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (2002 2002): 742-52.

———. “The Mongols in Central Asia from Chinggis Khan’s Invasion to the Rise of Temür: The Ögödeid and Chaghadaid Realms.” In The Cambridge History of Inner Asia: The Chinggisid Age, edited by Allen J. Frank, Nicola Di Cosmo and Peter B. Golden, 46-66. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

———. “The Mongol Empire in World History: The State of the Field.” History Compass 11, no. 11 (2013): 1021-33.

Birtalan, xc, and gnes. “The Mongolian Great Khans in Mongolian Mythology and Folklore.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58, no. 3 (2005): 299-311.

Bischoff, F.A., and Klaus Sagaster. “Das Zaubersiegel Des Cinggis Khan.” In Gedanke Und Wirkung Festschrift Zum 90. Geburtstag Von Nikolaus Poppe, edited by N. N Poppe, Walther Heissig and Klaus Sagaster. Asiatische Forschungen, 38-66. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz, 1989.

Blair, Sheila. The Art and Architecture of Islam 1250-1800. Yale University Press Pelican History of Art. Edited by Jonathan Bloom and Richard Ettinghausen New Haven Conn.: Yale University Press, 1994.

Blair, Sheila, and Jonathan Bloom. Rivers of Paradise: Water in Islamic Art and Culture.  New Haven

Doha, Qatar

Richmond, Va.: Yale University Press

In association with Qatar Foundation

Virginia Commonwealth University

Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts in Qatar, 2009.

Blair, Sheila S. “Patterns of Patronage and Production in Ilkhanid Iran, the Case of Rashid Al-Din.” In The Court of the Il-Khans, 1290-1340, edited by Julian Raby and Teresa Fitzherbert. Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, 39-62. Oxford, New York:: Oxford University Press for the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford, 1996.

Blake, Robert P. “The Circulation of Silver in the Moslem East Down to the Mongol Epoch.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 2 (1937 1937): 291-328.

Blake, Robert P. , and Richard N. Frye. “The History of the Nation of Archers (the Mongols), by Grigor of Akanc’.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 12 (1949 1949): 269-399.

Blochet, Edgar. “Deux Residents Mongols En Chine Et En Asie Centrale, De Tchinkkiz Khagan a Khoubilai.” Bulletin of the School of Oreintal Studies 4 (1326-28 1326): 257-68.

———. “La Mort De Khaghan Koyouk.” Revue de l’Orient Chretien 23 (1922-1925 1922): 160-71.

Blot, M. Edouard. “Memoire Sur Le Systeme Monetaire Des Chinois; Suite De La Llle Periode, Depuis Le Commencement Des Soung Jusqu’a La Dynastie Actuelle.” Jounal Asiatique 4 (1837 1837): 441-67.

Blussé, Leonard. “No Boats to China. The Dutch East India Company and the Changing Pattern of the China Sea Trade, 1635-1690.” Modern Asian Studies 30, no. 1 (1996): 51-76.

Bokshanin, A. A. “Popytki Mongolo-Kitaiskogo Vtorzheniya V Strany Yugo-Vostochnoi Azii.” In Tataro-Mongoly V Azii I Evrope Sbornik Statei, edited by Sergei Leonidovich Tikhvinskii and Institut vostokovedeniia (Akademiia nauk SSSR), 294-310. Moscow: “Nauka,” 1970.

Borchardt, Paul. “L’itineraire De Rabbi Benjamin De Tudele En Chine.” T’oung-pao 23 (1924 1924): 31-35.

Borovkova, L. A. “Vosstanie ‘Krasnykh Voisk’ I Vozvyshenie Chzhu Iuan-Chzhana.” Narody Azii i Afriki 2 (1961 1961): 89-103.

———. “Gruppirovka Go Tszi-Sin-Chzhu–Iuan-Chzhana Na Pervom Etape Vosstaniya ‘Krasnykh Voisk’ (1352-1356).” Kratkie soobshcheniya Instituta narodov Azii 66 (1963 1963): 22-37.

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